North Dakota Real Estate

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  • Full time REALTOR®.

  • Minimum of five years experience.

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  • Daily response to emails.

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General Facts

For North Dakota

 
Median Household Income: $ 30,745
Income (w/ Children): $ 44,758
Population: 638,244
Land Area: 68,944 Square Miles
Population Density: 9 Persons per Square Mile
Nickname: Peace Garden State
Capital: Bismarck
Date of Statehood: November 2, 1889
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Wild Prairie Rose
State Tree: American Elm

 

North Dakota is located in the West North Central United States. It is bounded by Minnesota on the east, South Dakota on the south, and Montana on the west. North of it lies Canada. North Dakota belongs to the vast plains section of the United States, and like other plains states it is predominantly agricultural. Bismarck is the capital of North Dakota. Fargo is the largest city.

Early European residents were originally involved in fur trading, but after wars with Native Americans subsided and railroads were constructed, settlers poured into the state to take up its rich farmland. However, the prairie farmers have not always been successful economically. Political affairs in the state have vividly reflected the farmers’ resentments against outside control of wheat prices and against the rates charged for storage and transportation of their grain. When the region including present-day North Dakota was made a territory of the United States in 1861, it was named for the Dakota people who lived there. Residents chose to retain the name when the territory was divided into north and south states upon admission into the Union on November 2, 1889. North Dakota is the 39th state. The Dakota people are better known as the Sioux, and have given the state one of its several nicknames—the Sioux State. North Dakota is called the Peace Garden State—in reference to the International Peace Garden on the border between North Dakota and Manitoba. Finally, the state is called the Flickertail State, referring to the flickertail ground squirrel common to central North Dakota.

Located at the geographical center of the North American continent, North Dakota is bounded on the north by the 49th parallel, which separates it from the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Its eastern boundary, the only natural boundary of the state, consists of the Red River of the North, or Red River, and one of its headwater streams, the Bois de Sioux River. North Dakota’s boundaries enclose a rectangular area of 70,704 square miles, including 1,710 square miles of inland water, making it the 18th largest state in the nation. From north to south its maximum distance is 212 miles, and from east to west, North Dakota extends for 361 miles. The state slopes downward from southwest to northeast. The lowest point, 750 feet above sea level, is found at the Red River near Pembina, in the northeastern corner of the state. The state’s highest point, 3,506 feet, is White Butte, in southwestern North Dakota. The mean elevation of the state is about 1,900 feet.

North Dakota is a Plains state. Although it is largely flat or rolling, there are rough and hilly sections. In relatively recent geologic time a continental glacier spread over all but the southwestern section. It brought soil from Canada, scoured down the highlands, and filled in the lowlands. The glacier blocked the northward-flowing Red River, forming the glacial Lake Agassiz, whose dry lake basin forms the flat and fertile Red River valley in the east.

North Dakota has hot summers and long cold winters. Its maximum precipitation falls in spring and early summer. Weather conditions, including temperature, can change rapidly. Mean temperatures in Bismarck, near the center of the state, are representative of those of most parts of the state. January, the coldest month, has an average temperature of 9°, and July, the warmest month, averages 70°. Extremes 121° and -60° have been recorded. At Bismarck, the growing season averages 134 days, as the average date of the last killing frost is May 11 and that of the first killing frost is September 22. The length of the growing season drops to about 110 days in the northerly reaches of the state. The long periods of summer sunshine at this latitude, providing as much as 16 hours of daylight in summer, help crops to mature quickly, thus compensating somewhat for the relatively short growing season.

Temperatures in the north are, on the average, several degrees lower than those in the south. Some of the greatest variations are from west to east. The west is affected by Chinook winds while the east is not. Average January temperatures range from 14° in the west to 3° in the east. The range for precipitation is also greater from east to west. Precipitation ranges from about 20 inches in the east to about 14 inches in the west. Snowfall is relatively light, although low temperatures keep the snow from melting and strong winter winds can cause enormous snowdrifts. Most of the precipitation falls during the growing season and therefore benefits farming. The precipitation averages are about the minimum needed for farming, and at times dry years have caused crop disasters.